Skip to main content

REPORTED SPEECH

Reported Speech / Indirect Speech

When someone says something, how do you describe it to another person? This lesson will focus on reported speech, or you can call it "indirect speech."


Direct speech: "This meat smells bad," said Tom.

Indirect Speech: Tom said that the meat smelled bad.

Notice that the spoken words are in quotation marks:

"This meat smells bad."

The verb "smells" is in the present tense.

It changes to "smelled" -- the past tense.

The chart below shows the sequence of tenses and how verbs change when using indirect speech:

The Sequence of Tenses

Original Tense Changed to....

Present Past

Present Continuous Past Continuous

Past Past Perfect

Present Perfect Past Perfect

will would

can could

may might

Practice. Write your answers on a piece of paper. Then look below for the correct verb choices.

"I will be ready by 10:00" She said that she ______ be ready by 10:00.

"The mail isn't here yet." He said that the mail ________here yet.

"They have lived here 10 years." Bill said they _________here 10 years.

"Is it going to rain today?" She asked if it _____________ to rain today.

"Joe knows a lot of people." He said that Joe ________ a lot of people.

"Can you play the guitar?" She asked me if I _________play the guitar.

Answers: 1. would; 2. wasn't; 3. had lived; 4. was going; 5. knew; 6. could

Indirect speech for a question usually uses "if" or "whether" in the sentence. Notice that #4 and #6 are not written with a question mark. That's because the speaker is describing the question, not asking it.

Here are some more examples:

"I love this baby very much," said the mother.
The mother said that she loved her baby.

or

The mother said she loved her baby.

(In this sentence "that" is optional)

"My daughter graduated from college," said John.
John said that his daughter had graduated from college.

or

John said his daughter had graduated from college.

But......

John said his daughter graduated from college. (This doesn't follow the sequence of tenses, but it's a little mistake which most people won't notice.

"Can we ride on the bike again?" the students asked.

The students asked if they could ride on the bike again.

or....

The students asked whether they could ride on the bike again.

Remember to use if or whether when describing a question.
(Sumber: Sanghirison_facebook)

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

FILE MP4 YANG TIDAK BISA DIPUTAR DI LAPTOP/PC

Entah sudah berapa file yang berformat MP.4 yang sudah saya download, tapi sayang semuanya tidak bisa diputar. Entah sudah berapa program pemutar MP4 yang sudah saya install di Laptop/Notebook saya, tapi sayang kesemua program tersebut tidak bisa memutar file yang berformat MP4. Bahkan saya sudah

JAWABAN MID SEMESTER BHS.INGGRIS

SOAL UNTUK MID SEMESTER BAHASA INGGRIS untuk anak SMA.
A. TULISKANLAH KEMBALI DATA-DATA BERIKUT INI DENGAN KATA-KATA MU SENDIRI, ANGGAP SAJA ANDA BERPERAN SEBAGAI ORANG YANG ADA DALAM DATA TERSEBUT!


B. Jawablah pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut ini berdasarkan data Anda diatas! (Answer the following questions based on your own Data Above)
1. What is your name?                  6. Are you 20 years old?                   11. What is your home Address?
2. What is your full name?             7. How old are you?                         12. What is your hobby?
3. Is your first name, John?           8. Are you a Doctor?                        13. What is your favorite music?
4. What is your first name?           9. What is your job?                          14. What is your favorite food?
5. what is your nick name?           10. What is your school address?       15. What is your favorite film?
 Kunci Jawaban: Bagian A:

PENIPUAN BERKEDOK QUOTA MURAH

SERAKAH
Hari Jum’at, tgl 23 yang lalu, rasanya seperti hari yang buruk bagi diri ini. Tergiur karena Iklan yang sangat menggoda dan menjanjikan. Akhirnya, kena musibah juga. PENIPUAN! Tepatnya, tertipu oleh Iklan yang menggiurkan. Maklum hobi dengan yang namanya INTERNET. Iklan Quota internet yang sangat menggiurkan. Barangkali siapa pun tergoda dengan Iklan seperti itu. Quota murah minta ampun…ckckckc…! [kesal] Bayangkan saja pembaca, dengan 75 ribu rupiah, kita bisa mendapatkan Quota 50gb. Dengan batas waktu aktif selamanya. Tanpa mikir panjang, ya langsung saja ke-TKP. [Minjam istilah OVJ]. Terjadilah dialog antara pembeli dan penjual. Pembayaran, via pulsa telkomsel kata si penjual. [Mikir sebentar]! Liat, web-nya atau akun nya si penjual dari testimoni yang dibuatnya sich, semua pembeli rata-rata mengaminkan tuch. Alias berhasil semua. Maka jadilah, proses jual beli tanpa mikir panjang. [ckckckck..]